<rt id="oycwa"><rt id="oycwa"></rt></rt>
  • <xmp id="oycwa"><optgroup id="oycwa"></optgroup>
  • <menu id="oycwa"><tt id="oycwa"></tt></menu>
    <nav id="oycwa"><strong id="oycwa"></strong></nav>
    <menu id="oycwa"><menu id="oycwa"></menu></menu>

     

        

    陳來:中日韓儒學的歷史文化特色

         如果從一個大視野來看,儒學不僅僅是中國人的文化,至少是東亞(中日韓以及越南)一個重要的歷史文化傳統。學術界、文化界對儒學對東亞社會的塑造作用以及對東亞價值觀的形成極為重視。可以說,儒學不僅僅是中國的文化,更是東亞共同的文化。


      日本京都大學已故歷史學家島田虔次,曾稱宋明理學是東亞文明的共同體現。在這個意義上,儒學包括兩代,第一代先秦儒學,第二代新儒學,兩代都是東亞文明的共同體現。當然它發源于中國,但同時也傳播到東亞,成為東亞文明的共同體現,也成為東亞文化的共同傳統。


      但是日本、韓國除了中華文化傳播過去以外,本地也有自己的一些歷史文化因素,包括宗教、一些民俗文化的傳統。一個外來的思想文化在本地生根發芽,一定會受到本地思想文化因素的影響。于是,經過長期的磨合以后,在日本、韓國社會里得到發展、得到強調的那個形態的儒學可能就跟其他地區的有所不同。


      儒家思想發源于中國,這是中國人的常識。但是儒家思想又廣泛傳播到東亞漢字文化圈。因為以漢字為基礎、以漢文的典籍體系為主要內容的中華文化很早就傳播到東亞鄰邦,在漫長的歷史文化發展過程中,由于各民族本地的傳統不同,精神氣質不一樣,地理、歷史、社會存在條件的不一樣,造成文化的差異,在一個漫長的發展過程中,中國、日本、韓國的儒學形成了各自的個性和特色。


      如果把仁義禮智信這五德作為儒學代表性的價值,那么它們在中、日、韓各國儒學中都受到普遍的提倡。但因為歷史-社會-傳統的制約,不僅使得歷史上形成的三國的儒者的精神風貌不一樣,而且每個社會里面儒學的價值系統和其支配性的原理也有所不同,從而使這三個國家儒學的精神氣質呈現出不同。


      中國的儒學雖然也提倡“義”,也重視“忠”,但更推崇的是“仁恕”之道。日本儒學雖然也講“仁”與“義”,但比起中國、韓國,更突出“忠勇”的價值。韓國儒學雖然在理論上兼重仁義禮智信五常,但比較起來,因為有士禍的歷史、外患的歷史,形成了一個更加注重“義節”的精神。


      這種不同反映了各自價值體系的差異,也可以說反映了三個國家文化原理的不同,當然也反映在三國各自近代化的進程之中。


      比如中國的儒學以“仁恕”為原理,變成一種普遍主義的價值原理,一種對仁愛的平等價值的追求,因此在近代對西方的文明半信半疑。


      日本因為突出“忠”和“勇”的價值,在接受近代文明方面就較少受到價值的阻礙,對帝國主義沒有根本抵觸。


      韓國充滿“義節”精神的儒學,可以說造就了韓國近代民族的主體性,對近代民族國家的形成和發展起了一種促進作用。


      綜合起來說,“仁”包含的是一種和諧原則,“義”所凸顯的是正義原則,“忠”體現的是秩序原則,這些原則應該是現代東亞社會任何一個國家都必需的。


      因此從這個角度來講,在當今東亞國家和地區,中日韓三國如果就歷史文化傳統來講,都應該在進一步反思傳統的優點和缺點的同時,能夠吸取其他民族和地區一些發展的優點,取長補短,使每一個國家在精神成長和發展方面能夠走向更完善,這樣也有利于中日韓三個國家互相了解和建立一個和諧的未來。


      (本文節選自《北京日報》2019年5月13日16版《書海觀潮:全球化歷史進程中的亞洲文明》)

    826彩票平台826彩票主页826彩票网站826彩票官网826彩票娱乐 www.rfdc01.com | www.456258.net | 4647r.com | www.71233h.com | www.f118cp.com | www.376361.com | www.hg8376.com | pjbuyuw.com | www.77781yh.com | hjdc43.com | www.5555y.cc | www.95660002l.com | 1955xpj.com | www.0022737.com | 10104688.com | www.770640.com | www.782881.com | 52688j.com | www.60886e.com | lp06.com | www.332092.com | www.751pk10.com | 492nn.com | www.008hy.cc | www.msc355.com | 1697766.com | www.80030077.com | www.ylg3099.com | 61789e.com | www.16181d.com | y68bb.com | www.889489.com | www.jing6667.com | c45638.com | www.15355y.com | www.21365ss.com | 华人888.com | www.780780g.com | amjsc05.com | bowanwang.com | www.r80288.com | zhcp09.com | 4195h.com | www.173151.com | 2018mxc.com | www.221836.com | www.38345j.com | 3685y.com | www.357607.com | www.848777o.com | 30007f.com | www.101220.com | www.hyi158.com | p2554.com | www.030953.com | www.623906.com | 11018q.com | ab55.com | www.50732m.com | www.jg6655.com | 45637o.com | www.sytg9.com | www.sj52088.com | 8522llll.com | 9193.cc | www.1350.vip | www.16076.com | 34q35.com | www.619477.com | www.55060u.com | 35115.am | 3379o.com | www.68682b.com | www.mic999.com | 01234cc.com | www.607269.com | www.h32939.com | 0033j.cc | ttt4165.com | www.9478x.com | www.d9478.com | 26668j.com | kkk5682.com | www.9989579.com | www.272424.com | 40033www.com | 32424c.com | www.dayou266.com | www.79888.com | zhcpff.com | 7240k.com | www.2632l.com | www.98msxfpt4.com | 6220y.com | 4255sss.com | www.500vp.com | www.50999n.com | 1408w.com | 30175544.com | www.263988.com | www.js89j.vip | www.29069.com | 5219x.com | cj807.com | www.66376j.com | www.37tyc.com | mry456.com | 1466s.com | www.937160.com | www.4996kf.com | www.hjdc2000.vip | vip4553.com | 2677eee.com | www.66fft.com | www.00772z.com | www.xpj2018.com | 3467d.cc | 98345y.com | www.737249.com | www.984705.com | www.345345.com | 50000977.com | o7742.com | p888p888.com | www.5484a.com | www.cn365t.com | www.67229t.com | 11jj8331.com | 6322.com | 68228j.com | www.99jte.com | www.e32031.com | www.3709884.com | 2019v.cc | 87363.com | 2334vip1.com | www.649477.com | www.087938.com | www.6636msc.com | www.hg2083.com | 86611l.com | r15666.com | www.533721.com | www.6653i.com | www.9737nn.me | www.551324.com | 1156qq.com | 2214ll.com | 88850vv.com | www.475711.com | www.68682k.com | www.i063801.com | www.78k78.com | www.ho888.com | 51335.co | 87578004.xyz | yh7003.bet | www.602467.com | www.77114n.com | www.4058vv.com | www.76775i.com | www.9374e.com | feicai027.com | 00774ss.com | hg168q.com | www.235952.com | www.3933t.cc | www.96386r.com | www.908818.com | www.34i35.com | www.58777m.com | 88905151.com | 7570.com | ca9033.com | 287733.com | 7720u.com | 26444b.com | www.324377.com | www.hc3656.com | www.83033c.com | www.90365vip.com | www.4078c.com | www.118sjz.cc | www.0805u.com | www.4123020.com | 20611.net | 2324xxx.com | 4647a.com | 32355pp.com | ctxcp456.com | www.816820.com | www.53537.cc | www.80075w.com | www.81608e.com | www.959794.com | www.04567v.com | www.caipioa33.com | www.502000.com | www.s33558.com | www.58777v.com | www.vns6005.com | www.22516.com | 2846u.com | feicai0455.com | 20055533.com | 1916x.com | 8547oo.com | x33h.vip | feicai0536.com | sj7377.com | 88851s.com | 3550.com | 66681k.com | 3559vv.com | 4590hh.com | 717blr.com | 93922z.com | bb3405.com | o4212.com | so444.cc | 84496611.com | 22299rr.com | yhqinghai.vip | 473042.com | 5360vv.com | pj4.com | 2355o.com | 预览7792z.com | 28758p.com | 5168222.cc | 3868amyhzz.com | 5004.cc | www.26y26.com | www.1122hg.com | www.vns992.cc | www.288msc.com | www.hg4010.com | www.hg0180.com | www.155955.com | www.10852b.com | www.178tyc.com | www.77731p.com | www.9737oo.com | www.678js888.com | www.bet3651687.com | www.pj56899.com | www.50064r.com | www.54p.com | www.757209.com | www.330871.com | 26119b.com | xuexinjun66.cn | a5595.net | 0029.com | 8569811n.com | 9030u.com | 61324433.com | www.kj638.com | www.cn0013.com | www.07811.com | www.xc829.com | www.0638.com | www.aobo195.com | www.25688j.com | www.857981.com | www.139733.com | 876878u.com | 66119193.com | 04666.com | feicai0415.com | www.sjg500.com | www.6178056.com | www.938i.cc | www.824546.com | www.hn896.com | www.443300a.com | www.177074.com | 8577r.cc | 40033ddd.com | 3434jjj.com | www.3333740.com | www.5966hhh.com | www.508970.com | www.78949c.com | www.691063.com | 3156eee.com | 61828.com | 55331l.com | www.22xpjdc.com | www.552567.com | www.5679527.com | www.66652h.com | www.669202.com | 566777m.com | 0343f.com | 3258z.com | www.x8867.com | www.7779855.com | www.pj9080.com | www.hy5506.com | jnbzsj.com | iii4255.com | oo5144.com | www.848464.com | www.3116c.com | www.73166g.com | www.332910.com | j15jj.com | 9339999t.com | www.51456.com | www.1851136.com | www.36166t.com | www.186763.com | c388r.com | f2649.com | www.js12258.com | www.621233.com | www.cp8005.cc | hbhcjs.cn | 5309d.com | www.xpj178.com | www.00772q.com | www.33588k.com | www.33997e.com | 0378kk.com | www.86611c.com | www.allcity888.com | www.606117.com | www.196807.com | pjjiangxi.com | 4052u.com | www.5966hhh.com | www.12455i.com | www.33598v.com | 2214o.com | www.63877s.com | www.71071r.com | www.8039z.com | 6js345.com | 45637k.com | www.11004100.com | www.8998766.com | www.303204.com | lh66x.com | www.hg806.com | www.4058k.com | www.cp500.pw | 88851f.com | www.sb7744.com | www.00618i.com | www.clh1.com | 55155z.com | www.gh0091.com | www.89677p.com | www.810895.com | yyy8827.com | www.xinhao1122.com | hg999333o.com | 992222k.com | www.8509850.com | www.58118c.com | www.fen00.com | 21379994.com | www.hg992255.com | www.1754o.com | www.530951.com | 3662o.com | www.mng44.com | www.tyc19988898.com | www.101062.com | 86811ww.com | www.214333.com | www.29277g.com | zunyi803.com | www.hg5538.com | www.c3410.com | www.109075.com | hg7033.com | www.tai444.com | www.1555hc.com | feicai0598.com | www.3643m.com | www.hg0298.com | dc1102.com | haizhigang.com | www.4058p.com | www.303470.com | 009.so | www.07576.com | www.771645.com | www.9374f.com | www.8080999d.com | www.39500v.com | 4023n.com | www.10999l.com | www.330275.com | 55188.com | www.3157j.com | www.luck808.com | 98955t.com | www.811811.com | www.538699.com | wnsr8808.com | www.vn777.cn | 3474000.com | 3016ccc.com | www.307307.com | feicai0423.com | www.9763333.com | www.087j.com | ppp3405.com | www.537bet.com | www.16065c.com | 457209.com | www.88807e.com | www.54400b.com | 1408y.com | www.57798d.com | www.cai345.cc | 6175u.com | www.89599s.com | 129880.net | 27878ii.com | www.587819.com | 91019h.net | www.67843.com | www.872198.com | h88.com | www.1754y.com | 35442000.com | www.27111x.com | www.yw344.com | 62222t.com | www.4996cd.com | 500000511.com | www.4625j.com | www.66026.cc | 24670011.com | www.2544g7.com | 4123ii.com | www.hg66997.cc | www.cp3.mobi | 7989u.com | www.587815.com | nn500p.com | www.608568.com | 6261621.com | www.365815h.com | www.can87.com | 19880s.com | www.7240i.com | 6396x.com | www.518737.com | zhcp74.com | www.32666v.com | www.658056.com | 18438n.com | www.50024t.com | 28839v.com | www.52062z.com | xhby988.com | www.353560.com | 6js345.com | www.679suncity.com | www.249711.com | www.s1043.com | www.1035g.com | 2247kk.com | www.pujing65.com | 2214v.com | www.xpj8668.com | 8030m.com | www.00772t.com | 49490524.com | www.458177.com | 35222c.com | www.bst62.com | 6969xpj.com | www.58767.com | www.022184.com | www.330099l.com | www.450568.com | www.10899c.com | www.727076.com | www.799003.com | www.994948.com | 91019l.net | www.dao90.com | 20774411.com | www.hy5355.com | 91019l.net | www.ch8922.com | www.6cw.org | www.968566.com | www.888ldz.com | www.755216.com | www.10899e.com | www.435050.com | www.87msc.com | www.108095.com | www.367888c.com | 3190.com | www.0010013.com | 5906pp.com | www.00618g.com | 70118u.com | www.vnsr4567.com | 04666l.com | www.910057.com | 996622rr.com | www.hm2333.com | www.69229.com | www.233896.com | www.58fc16.com | 4636622.com | www.1168q.com | 9030v.com | www.8899nsb.com | 032526.com | www.12455k.com | www.657suncity.com | www.602434.com | www.0003yh.com | a2aaa.com | www.8313z.com | 33318k.com | www.764169.com | 3202w.com | www.864876.com | www.18933i.com | 99885002.com | www.3hg6668.com | mc1888.com | www.78949k.com | www.xjs8892.com | www.303853.com | www.hg7695.com | 3534t.com | www.55717z.com | 2714.com | www.388510.com | www.d8007.com | 188qq77.com | www.hg7122.com | 7141bb.com | www.602985.com | www.030033.com | 1429e.com | www.2418e.com | 4812n.com | www.87668o.com | www.668cp44.com | u40033.com | www.6769r.com | www.cblftib.com | 131jj.net | www.07679f.com | 3258w.com | www.403770.com | www.786555.com | 40420011.com | www.11018.cc | www.435511.com | LXYL362.com | www.4331v.com | www.hg8786.xyz | yh888s.com | www.8w08.com | 5651.com | 666365.com | www.320279.com | 2509.com | ly88888883.com | www.sha0022.com | 3522zz.com | www.235127.com | www.8850w6.com | yhxjaomen.vip | www.528121.com | www.cp0016.com | 5309l.com | www.572918.com | www.5504z.com | 9694s.com | www.507933.com | www.27363t.com | 33382l.com | www.258031.com | www.8473y.com | 28758v.com | hg88814.com | www.792074.com | 55984u.com | yy2649.com | www.1358004.com | www.k4737.com | 4018ii.com | www.8667u.com | www.456277.com | 41188822.com | www.542770.com | www.08bet8.com | 3202s.com | 1483.com | www.525011.com | www.44447837.com | tt888g.com | www.821619.com | www.98698s.com | 883399q.com | vns8o.com | www.1855ff.com | www.140999.com | 3566ss.com | www.444219.com | www.704901.com | www.700829.com | 52688r.com | www.3qxc.com | www.143291.com | 5443v.com | 7945uu.com | www.60007p.com | www.hg7814.com | 8kk.co | 76543h.com | www.12455hh.com | www.js645.com | dzhcp3.com | 3678ww.com | www.hh03035.com | www.777753.com | 55810.com | 3178p.com | www.61655f.com | www.60339.com | wlb999.com | 38244h.com | www.6364g.com | www.4406488.com | www.210zr.com | ly88888884.com | www.768996.com | www.2000g.cc | www.hg1767.com | 4018nn.com | 33432p.com | www.51331b.com | www.c44jj.com | w0595.com | 44077k.com | www.367562.com | www.693377.com | www.77099.com | 2355h.com | 7335g.com | www.621441.com | www.9187f.com | www.555423.net | ggg5701.com | 20775599.com | www.760557.com | www.5446bb.com | www.hx3386.com | 2381aa.com | 55323k.com | www.602472.com | www.55717.com | www.w10085.com | 1wns.com | 41188844.com | hg5583.com | www.cly9.com | www.js89m.vip | www.45778.com | js5651js.com | p62365.com | 80188g.com | www.77dwj.com | www.y6098.com | www.49123456.com | 9002.com | xxx5657.com | 6601.co | www.621341.com | www.1358004.com | www.668cp66.com | www.655666c.com | b8381.com | 2247jj.com | vv680.com | www.en06.com | www.3775q.com | www.5049j.com | www.a27229.com | qycp06.com | 80188.com | pj333377.com | www.653546.com | www.bet73x.com | www.bwinyz31.com | www.tm228.com | www.882235y.com | a7252.com | www.001832.com | www.080wy.com | www.556350.com | www.79500y.com | www.13558u.com | 7335z.com | 2490m.com | 4036cc.com | sss2848.com | www.641477.com | www.66621d.com | www.mmm2848.com | www.35252x.com | www.a666666.com | 5855zz.com | 6261n.com | p8881.com | 3559dddd.com | v00351.com | www.682918.com | www.35155q.com | www.68365e.com | www.j32939.com | www.366686.com | www.995l.net | www.86611n.com | 4028722.com | 66681y.com | 2147001.com | sss5701.com | www.466780.com | www.slyl5.com | www.7239b.com | www.4102c.com | www.5981y.com | www.568000.com | www.amdc55.com | www.54549966.com | www.8js189.com | 56988b.com | 3650658.com | 7192004.com | 86811vv.com | 6002f.com | 11z66.com | 3y9944.com | www.178389.com | www.673166.com | www.2350s.com | www.78700b.com | www.6678697.com | www.33ok33.com | www.678js444.com | www.9737ii.me | www.198004.com | www.4888789.com | www.cdzzcx.com | www.06111.com | www.51167.com | www.2090922.com | www.7435w.com | www.tyc9907.com | yh888e.com | 44bb8331.com | g2306.com | 6e604.com | wlb44.com | 3522l.vip | tz2200.com | w88u65.com | 7720y.net | 4182.com | 55797f.com | 2490f.com | 00048x.com | 2146c.com | wnsfw.com | 33382.com | 2158.com | 2709t.com | 009900s.com | jsjlb99.com | 023932.com | 1665h.com | www.04222e.com | www.aobo9.com | www.8124c.com | www.yinhecc00.com | www.hg226.com | www.i22365.com | www.58777q.com | www.xam58.com | www.09527.com | www.hg55662.com | www.5487.com | www.jy883.com | www.97060h.com | www.tyc8138.com | www.9570100.com | www.6687w.com | www.78680u.com | www.7240l.com | www.91709.com | www.61233t.com | www.3478a.cc | www.912594.com | www.560693.com | www.120057.com | feicai0971.com | hg999333q.com | 3405v.com | hg0068s.com | 33318d.com | d2894.com | www.ylhg5858.com | www.7711sb.com | www.3189001.com | www.tyc328.com | www.8887hj.com | www.8905f.com | www.yun0123.com | www.8839d.com | www.744343.com | www.081501.com | 272e.net | 33382w.com | 4255o.com | 023625.com | www.my068.com | www.126hg.tv | www.hjcp55.com | www.06820i.com | www.6768992.com | www.8667v.com | www.602454.com | 2247r.com | 929678.com | 6704888.com | 5168ee.cc | www.hg8833.co | www.588112.com | www.4078p.com | www.0343x.com | www.6832c.com | www.526411.com | urmillionaire168.com | 5651b.com | 70118f.com | www.yh8009.com | www.xpj775.com | www.b86hg.com | www.68993268.com | www.lqc9.com | hhhh19927.com | 441679.com | 25288v.com | www.xsj900.com | www.pj663388.com | www.0011xpj.net | www.2418o.com | www.88266c.com | 39552288.com | cr288.com | ks2223.com | www.3643x.com | www.a81c.cc | www.087l.com | www.jcai3.com | 1435.tv | 33013.com | pj08222.com | www.78937.com | www.5446rr.com | www.7239v.com | www.hcw266.com | js14n.com | d2146.com | www.pj5722.com | www.773678.com | www.69488.com | www.c5237.com | kb5454.com | 9068ll.com | www.long8139.com | www.hg8056.com | www.7920q.com | www.179012.com | 6363o.com | 3552s.com | www.333222d.com | www.hhvip87.com | www.9996ee.com | www.657269.com | 5443mm.com | 8f06.com | www.xpj4494.com | www.w80288.com | www.3890h.com | spj5577.com | 9068kk.com | www.10899f.com | www.11.sb | www.66095.cc | 84498833.com | 36407755.com | www.bet36365.com | www.0662777.com | www.00840n.com | 08530001.com | xpj01000.com | www.xpj5t5.com | www.357107.com | www.ybao3.com | c558.cc | 33432r.com | www.4812j.com | www.win1239.com | www.314677.com | 69445544.com | www.v6789.com | www.yh8878n.com | www.8039i.com | 34g35.com | blhvip77.com | www.999345.com | www.8582.com | 86688092.com | v99345.am | www.0055js.com | www.089638.com | www.160913.com | z86226.com | www.117390.com | www.jsdc9333.com | www.456639.com | 7yuhe.com | www.4972ww.com | www.60886.com | www.373170.com | 40033j.com | www.sun7787.com | www.94j.ceo | www.106526.com | 36403311.com | www.948900.com | www.369158.com | 0241h.com | 07325555.com | www.4399msc.com | www.6832q.com | 386kzk.com | www.1882389.com | www.4996nn.com | www.636121.com | 1443f.com | www.hg88mm.com | www.6867.cc | amjs8822.com | 3121dd.com | www.70915.com | www.673266.com | 3404g.cc | www.22201.com | www.81233r.com | 1077zz.com | www.js7288.com | www.8080999h.com | www.244646.com | 6261520.com | www.09848.com | www.77fzc.com | 895230.com | www.546suncity.com | www.624201.com | 113365.com | www.hg8988.com | www.58908a.com | 701679.com | 0033t.cc | www.7893w33.com | www.196062.com | 595007.com | www.sscb99.cc | www.534658.com | 33882007.com | www.j948j.com | www.744343.com | l4212.com | www.015.com | www.658997.com | 55991381.com | www.224333000.com | www.755705.com | 3522h.vip | www.ggv.99233v.com | www.570981.com | 56787hh.com | www.89599m.com | www.111307.com | 500000451.com | www.9822ae.com | 0222.com | www.88188b.cc | www.766777.cc | 4546114.com | www.00829h.com | www.65707x.com | 6999002.com | www.hqg88.com | www.936271.com | 502379.com | www.65066ff.com | www.43131v.com | 5622j.com | www.89789v.com | qq365l.com | www.pj5715.com | www.2109z.com | 4955u.com | www.1168a.com | www.003895.com | 58588h.com | www.2418j.com | 6002b.com | www.73518.com | www.587639.com | 500000579.com | www.86339h.com | 5589q.com | www.004716.com | www.901176.com | 4000853.com | www.pjc66.vip | 7003ss.com | www.17828z.com | www.588088a.com | 33382e.com | www.mmm2848.com | 2277buyu.com | www.k1876.com | www.652932.com | 35252y.com | www.ykylc06.com | 4675.com | www.79500z.com | 7335n.com | www.8694o.com | www.0ttz.com | 70118e.com | www.68365f.com | 79333.com | www.383806.com | 80368gg.com | www.9068cc.com | www.hj9798.com | zhcp99.com | www.hb598.net | 2757f.com | www.00772v.com | ff555i.com | www.747808.com | www.196029.com | www.7720k.com | www.11tdc.com | 8577z.cc | www.ampj3438.com | y21148.com | www.91779t.com | 1679bb.com | www.751.cc | qiji.ph | www.003344.com | www.51515z.com | www.0860r.com | www.560629.com | www.38200g.com |